Probably all of us at one time or another has heard a dog bark. Dog’s use their bark to communicate and it’s as natural to them as talking is for us.
However, bored, frustrated, stressed or fearful dogs can bark excessively whether it’s in the home or out on a walk. If your dog is barking for long periods of time at home or consistently barking when people, cars, dogs or bikes go past when you are out walking, then your dog is telling you that they have a problem and need your help to resolve it.
If your dog barks on walks, manage this by changing your routine and walking where there is less stimulation, until you can work with your dog in a controlled environment to reduce their fear/anxiety/frustration. (I recommend working with a force free dog trainer for this as it can be a slow process. You cannot push your dog too quickly or you will end up starting again from the beginning.)
If your dog barks because they are bored, this can be resolved simply by providing your dog with mental stimulation, exercise, small training sessions, stuffed treat toys, scattered treats in the yard to sniff out, even music.
If your dog barks at people passing by your house, you can manage this by screening off the area or giving your dog access to another area where there are less distractions.
Whatever the reason, if you cannot resolve it, seek professional help from someone who can provide you with the necessary guidance, vet assistance or training to help you and your dog.